viking skeleton

- a reconstruction of a recently-discovered viking-age skeleton found in Coppergate, York - made for the Jorvik Viking Centre based in the city there; the first picture shows the skeleton as found, and then in the state it came to once disinterred and cleaned.

the reconstruction was made to present the figure in a standing aspect to more easily portray the various afflictions suffered by the living person; she was apparently born with a malformed hip-joint and spent most of her life using a crutch to walk - this first of all caused a permanent hitch in the alignment of her shoulders, more evident here in the right-hand picture; both this and her deteriorated hip also caused a curvature to her lower spine:

the hips in state and in reconstruction; the first picture clearly shows the diminished size of the unhealthy half of the pelvis, while the reconstructed photo more evidently depicts the actual femur-deformity responsible for most of the woman's troubles (the missing femur-head on the right leg) - also showing the atrophy or withering of the femur itself, which is considerably narrower than its counterpart...

- as if these no doubt painful conditions were not bad enough, the skull shows how the woman came to her demise - a sword-strike to the face having smashed out her nose and probably several teeth - also breaking out portions of the cheek and jaw on the left of the skull:

finally, the entire skeleton; it is to be presented at the museum with a "Pepper's Ghost" effect projected onto it, the woman in life represented here by a photograph of an appropriately-costumed modern day stand-in: